Aircraft during their operations are often subjected to icing conditions. Formation of ice depends on specific conditions defined by humidity of outside air and
its temperature. Icing conditions can be expected anywhere the moisture is visible and the air temperature is very near or below freezing. As an aircraft flies into clouds with the outside temperature near freezing, the ice can be accumulated on the exposed surfaces of an airframe such as wings, propeller, windshield and also antennas, vents
and intakes. Even a small amount of icing can have significant effect on the aircraft performance. In general, icing conditions can have harmful effects on the safety of air transport operations. To avoid these hazardous situations several de-icing and antiicing methods and systems have been developed for this purpose. In this paper existing methods of aircraft ground de-icing and anti-icing at Bratislava airport are analyzed with focus on technological and ecological aspects of used system.
Keywords: icing types, aircraft performance, aerodynamic characteristics, protection systems, de-icing technology, quality control, ecology.